Situated in the extreme limit of the North-West Island dell'Asinara is its characteristic natural extension, a little more than 17 km, 6 wide, has a total area of about 55 square kilometers and reaches its maximum altitude, heading north, on the tips of excommunication (408 meters) where the lighthouse overlooking the granite cliff, and from which you can admire a spectacular view.
The rocky coast of Asinara Island
Formed by shale with granite base, is very dry.
Camaldolensian site of a monastery during the Middle Ages, then, stopping place for pirates Saracen, in 1896, after the evacuation of population, became a penal colony farm.
The west side of the island is made up of steep slopes, which often throw themselves on the sheer cliffs, forming steep cliffs and spectacular, while, on the side of the bay, the coast slopes gently with numerous small beaches.
The morphology varied, with hills, gullies, small valleys and ponds behind the dunes, with constant contrasts from one end of the island offer a show is always new and fascinating.
Asinara Island: Donkeys
In the Park of Asinara playing about eighty species of wild vertebrates, including some very rare as, for example, among reptiles: the sea turtle and the viper snake; the toad and the Sardinian Discoglossid among amphibians; the sea gull, the major and minor puffins, the Sardinian partridge, and the magpie with regard to bird life; while among mammals, the mouflon, wild boars, weasels, and the characteristic white donkey.
The flora, consisting mainly of the Mediterranean, is rich and includes nearly 680 species, some of which are exclusive of Sardinia, as Centaurea horrida that over the territory of Nurra (Punta Stintino-Capocaccia), and Asinara island is also on the island of Tavolata where the environmental and climatic conditions have similarities that explain the presence of this unique species and Limonium laetum. The seabed is characterized by cracks and crevices and populated by rich and rare species protected.
Thanks to the long isolation Asinara's beaches are still unspoilt, dotted with the green of the Mediterranean and visited by white donkeys.
A beautiful bay at the Asinara Island
The beach of Cala d'Arena is probably the most beautiful of the island during the winter is divided in two by a small brook behind her, stands a tower dating from the sixteenth century coastal.
The ruins of the monastery of the Camaldolensis friars are surrounded by granite rocks, there is Cala Sant'Andrea while to the north-east, near the only town on the island where they land and boats and ferries, is Cala d'Oliva, an ancient outpost. In the east, toward the bay dell, is located Cala di Sgombro di Dentro here there are beautiful coves sheltered from the wind, like Cala Serena.
On the other side, very exposed to winds, is Cala Sgombro di Fuori. Near a repaired port there is Cala Reale, where you can admire the remains of an ancient Roman ship.
HOW TO GET TO THE ASINARA
To get to the Asinara we can embark in Stintino or Porto Torres, purchasing tickets on site.
From Fornelli to Cala Sgombro
A striking image of the seabed
of Asinara Island, brightly colored
The detachment of Fornelli, not far from the pier landing, is considered the Italian Alcatraz, which was prepared Museum Carceraio. A small road leads to the detachment of Santa Maria, and from here a path leads to Punta Barbarossa, from which you can climb to the north, where there is a large and beautiful beaches of Cala Sant'Andrea. Returning to the main road is the junction to Castellaccio, ruins of an ancient medieval fortress.
From Fornelli, continuing on the right (west), we arrive at Punta Salippi, the closest point to Sardinia. If you go north, across the main road, we find an isthmus between Cala Scombro di Dentro (east) and Cala Scombro di Fuori (west).
From Cala Reale to Punta dello Scorno
The second port of the island is situated at Cala Reale.
Going north from Trabuccoto you arrive at Cala d'Oliva, third and last port of the island. At this point the following direction, church, school, workshop, carpentry, dairy. Not far away stood the bunker, where they kept the most dangerous criminals. The north island is considered a high natural interest arises where the Botanical Center.